Science for Education Today, 2023, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 123–147

Digital culture of the head of an educational institution: Methodological approaches to research

Garkusha N. S. 1 (Moscow, Russian Federation), Alekseeva A. S. 1 (Moscow, Russian Federation), Asmolova L. M. 1 (Moscow, Russian Federation)
1 Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

Introduction. The current contradictions between challenges of an intensively developing digital environment and the personal and professional values of the head of an educational institution, between theoretical knowledge of digitalization and its application in management practice require a detailed study of the phenomenon of ‘digital culture of the head of an educational institution’ and a methodological clarification of both the phenomenon itself and the structural components of digital culture, which influence the successfulness and efficiency of the headteacher in solving digital tasks. The aim of the article is to identify and clarify the methodological aspects of the phenomenon of ‘digital culture of the head of an educational institution’.
Materials and Methods. The study is conducted through a logical analysis of scientific theories, system analysis and theoretical justification of the conclusions existing in science and practice about the application of methodological approaches to studying the category of digital culture of the head of an educational institution. The research methods of specification, modelling and formalization were used to substantiate the conceptual construct of the digital culture of the head of an educational institution.
Results. The article explores the phenomenon of ‘digital culture of the head of an educational institution’, the significance of which is determined by the fact that it is represented as a new type of culture, which creates a new space of values and meanings, contributes to the emergence of other cultural practices and forms of human activities. The authors have identified methodological aspects of the phenomenon of ‘digital culture of the head of an educational institution’ based on the application of interrelated and complementary scientific approaches that provide a full and deep understanding of this phenomenon: system-activity, culturological, axiological, praxiological and setting incremental ones. According to the networking incremental approach, the authors justify the conceptual construct of the digital culture of the head of an educational institution, which includes the following elements: digital thinking, digital affiliation, digital adaptation, and digital experience.
Conclusions. The article concludes that the considered methodological approaches are complementary, providing a wide range of methodological tools to study the phenomenon of ‘digital culture of the head of educational institution’. The combination of the approaches helps to deepen the understanding of different aspects of digital culture, their interconnection, and their influence on the behavior and activities of the head of an educational institution in the digital environment.


Digital culture; Head of educational organization; Digital transformation; Axiological approach; Praxiological approach; Digital environment; Networking incremental approach.

For citation:
Garkusha N. S., Alekseeva A. S., Asmolova L. M. Digital culture of the head of an educational institution: Methodological approaches to research. Science for Education Today, 2023, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 123–147. DOI:
  1. Elkina E. E. Digital culture as a field of interdisciplinary research: Methodological approaches and development trends. International Journal of Open Information Technologies, 2018, vol. 6 (12), pp. 67–78. (In Russian) URL:
  2. Gnatyshina E. V. The formation of digital culture of the future teacher: monograph, Chelyabinsk: Publishing house of South Ural State Humanitarian-Pedagogical University, 2019, 294 p. (In Russian) URL:
  3. Toktarova V. I., Rebko O. V. Structural and functional model of the development of digital culture competencies of future educators. Pedagogical Review, 2022, no. 6, pp. 18–27. (In Russian) DOI: URL:
  4. Falloon G. From digital literacy to digital competence: The teacher digital competency (TDC) framework. Education Tech Research & Development, 2020, vol. 68, pp.2449–2472. DOI:
  5. Markauskaite L., Carvalho L., Fawns T. The role of teachers in a sustainable university: From digital competencies to postdigital capabilities. Education Tech Research & Development, 2023, vol. 71, pp. 181–198. DOI: 
  6. Neustroev S. S., Zibrov V. A., Fedorchuk Y. M. Model of monitoring digital competences of educational organizations heads. Man and Education, 2018, no. 4, pp. 15–19. (In Russian) URL:
  7. Gordashnikova O., Fedorchuk Y., Kuznetsov A. Digital Competency of a School Principal: the 21st Century Skill Development. EDULEARN 21 Proceedings, 2021, pp. 835–841. DOI:  URL:
  8. Ellis L., Lu Y-H., Fine-Cole B. Digital Learning for North Carolina Educational Leaders. TechTrends, 2021, vol. 65, pp. 696–712. DOI:
  9. Gonzales M. M. School technology leadership vision and challenges: Perspectives from American school administrators. International Journal of Educational Management, 2020, vol. 34 (4), pp. 697–708. DOI:   URL:

10. Lindqvist M. H., Pettersson F. Digitalization and school leadership: On the complexity of leading for digitalization in school. The International Journal of Information and Learning Technology, 2019, vol. 36 (3), pp. 218–230. DOI: URL:

11. Ilomäki L., Lakkala M. Digital technology and practices for school improvement: Innovative digital school model. Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning, 2018, vol. 13, pp. 25. DOI: 

12. Fletcher J., Everatt J., Mackey J., Fickel L. Digital technologies and innovative learning environments in schooling: A New Zealand experience. New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 2020, vol. 55, pp. 91–112. DOI: 

13. Tołwińska B. The role of principals in learning schools to support teachers’ use of digital technologies. Tech Know Learn, 2021, vol. 26, pp. 917–930. DOI: 

14. Karakose T., Polat H., Papadakis S. Examining teachers’ perspectives on school principals’ digital leadership roles and technology capabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13 (23), pp. 13448. DOI:

15. Agustina R., Kamdi W., Hadi S., Muladi, Nurhadi D. Influence of the principal’s digital leadership on the reflective practices of vocational teachers mediated by trust, self-efficacy, and work engagement. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 2020, vol. 19 (11), pp. 24–40. DOI: 

16. Mohebi L. Educational leadership and digital culture. Social Science Research Network, 2019. DOI: URL:

17. Shonfeld M., Cotnam-Kappel M., Judge M. Ng C. Y., Ntebutse J. G., Williamson-Leadley S., Yildiz M. N. Learning in digital environments: A model for cross-cultural alignment. Educational Technology Research and Development, 2021, vol. 69, pp. 2151–2170. DOI:

18. Panshin B. N. Digital culture: Theory and practice. Science and Innovations, 2021, no. 8, pp. 45–51. (In Russian)  URL:

19. Kuzu Ö. H. Digital Transformation in higher education: A case study on strategic plans. Higher Education in Russia, 2020, vol. 29, no. 3. p. 9–23. DOI: 

20. Levitskaya I., Straka M. The digital culture of industry in the transition to sustainable development. E3S Web of Conferences – SDEMR, 2021, vol. 278, pp. 03019. DOI:

21. Yarkova E. N. Digital culture as an object of cultural studies: The problem of methodological alternatives. Bulletin of Tomsk State University. Culturology and Art Criticism, 2021, no. 41, pp. 112–126. (In Russian) URL:

22. Timofeev A. V. The formation of digital axiology: Key concepts and problems. Bulletin of the Moscow State Regional University. Series: Philosophical Sciences, 2019, no. 3, pp. 73–79. (In Russian) URL:

23. Ramella A. L., Lehmuskallio A., Thielmann T., Abend P. Introduction: Mobile digital practices. Situating people, things, and data. Digital Culture & Society. Mobile Digital Practices, 2017, vol. 3 (2), pp. 5–18. DOI:

24. Goffman A. A., Timoschuk A. S. Digital praxeology. Eurasian Law Journal, 2021, no. 9, pp. 461–463. (In Russian) URL:

25. Gorbatenko E. A. Peculiarities of digital transformation at the present stage. Bulletin of the Taganrog Institute of Management and Economics, 2022, no. 1, pp. 102–104. (In Russian) URL:

26. Rabinovich P. D., Zavedensky K. E., Kushnir M. E., Khramov Y. E., Melik-Parsadanov A. R. Digital transformation of education: From changing funds to developing activities. Informatics and Education, 2020, no. 5, pp. 4–14. (In Russian) DOI:  URL:

27. Belyaev G. Y. Social and digital environment as a source of new opportunities and new risks for modern education. Russian and Foreign Pedagogy, 2020, no. 4, pp. 109–123. (In Russian) URL:

28. Genc-Tetik E. Strategy implementation, culture and performance in the public organizations: An empirical examination. Public Administration Issue, 2022, no. 6, pp. 33–52. DOI:  URL:

29. Grushevskaya E. S. Theme as an operational unit for the formation of value-strategic priorities in discourse. Humanities and Social Sciences, 2019, no. 2, pp. 124–131. (In Russian) URL:

Date of the publication 31.08.2023