Science for Education Today, 2022, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 92–114

Identifying the degree of influence of various factors on students’ academic performance based on their self-assessment, taking into account students’ gender

Sharmin V. G. 1 (Tyumen, Russian Federation), Sharmina T. N. 1 (Tyumen, Russian Federation), Sharmin D. V. 1 (Tyumen, Russian Federation)
1 Tyumen State University

Introduction. The article examines the influence of various factors on the academic performance of university students. The purpose of the article is to identify the degree of influence of various factors on first-year university students’ academic performance taking into account their gender. The study is based on students’ self-assessment.
Materials and Methods. The methodological basis of the research was the articles of Russian and foreign scholars devoted to the factors affecting the academic performance of university students (A. Alhadabi, H. W. Brink, Y. García, H. G. Hidajat, E. V. Krekhovets, F. Moradi, N. S. Nurieva, A. O. Ryazhkin, V. N. Shlyapnikov, D. R. Valeeva, S. D. Vaulin, S. V. Yaroshevskaya, I. Živčić-Bećirević and etc.). The empirical study was carried out at Tyumen State University. The sample consisted of 232 first-year students of various fields of study, including 101 males and 131 females.
Results. The analysis of the scholarly literature on the research problem enabled the authors to identify the factors that influence the academic performance of university students and propose a classification of these factors. Based on students’ self-assessment, the degree of influence of each of the selected factors on their academic performance was determined. Significant differences in the assessment of the influence of a few factors on academic performance related to the students’ gender were revealed.
According to the self-assessment of students, the competence of academic staff has the strongest influence on their academic performance. Within the framework of the proposed classification of factors, the most important for students was a group of factors related to their personal characteristics. Factors related to randomness and academic fraud were ranked among the least important. Intrinsic motivation as a factor influencing academic performance turned out to be more important than extrinsic positive and extrinsic negative motivation.
Conclusions. The experimental data show that women, to a greater extent than men, associate their academic performance with external factors (teachers’ competence, learning environment, study facilities), or with their innate personality traits (intellectual abilities, memory characteristics and attention, emotional balance). For men, a more significant factor in academic performance is relying on their own strengths and expectations of success from their efforts. At the same time, their academic performance is more determined by the social environment at the university.


Academic performance; Classification of academic performance factors; Teacher’s competence; Personal characteristics; Social environment; Internal motivation; External motivation.

For citation:
Sharmin V. G., Sharmina T. N., Sharmin D. V. Identifying the degree of influence of various factors on students’ academic performance based on their self-assessment, taking into account students’ gender. Science for Education Today, 2022, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 92–114. DOI:
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Date of the publication 30.06.2022