Science for Education Today, 2021, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 174–188
UDC: 
378.016+612

Diet analysis, blood plasma biochemical indicators and body compositions of first year students in the context of adaptation to the new educational environment

Chanchaeva E. A. 1 (Gorno-Altaysk, Russian Federation), Kruglikova E. V. 1 (Gorno-Altaysk, Russian Federation), Sidorov S. S. 1 (Gorno-Altaysk, Russian Federation), Gerasev A. D. 2 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation), Aizman R. I. 2 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation)
1 Gorno-Altaisk State University
2 Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Abstract: 

Introduction. The article examines the problem of adaptation and pedagogical support of first-year students. The purpose of the study: to evaluate the body composition, actual nutrition and biochemical parameters of blood plasma of first-year students who are adapting to living in a university dormitory.
Materials and Methods. The methods of empirical research of physical development (length, weight, body mass index), body component composition (total fat content, muscle component), nutrition structure (macronutrient composition and caloric content of the daily diet), biochemical analysis of blood plasma (plasma content of triglycerides, cholesterol, low-and high-density lipoproteins, glucose), as well as statistical methods of data comparison were used.
Results. The body length of boys (175.4 cm), in contrast to girls (162 cm) at the age of 18-19 years is not a definitive indicator and can increase over 2-3 years during education. The percentage of overweight and obesity among first-year students was 16.1%; total fat content exceeding the limit values was found in 35.5% of girls and 6.7% of boys, and insufficient fat content was found only in 10% of boys. The muscle component, both in girls and boys, corresponded to the indicators of the norm. The actual nutrition of first-year students living in a university dormitory was characterized by a lack of calories, fats, including polyunsaturated fatty acids, and insufficient consumption of carbohydrates, including dietary fibers. This deficiency was more pronounced among girls, who also had a deficit in the consumption of proteins, especially of animal origin. The biochemical parameters of the blood plasma of all students did not exceed the normal limits, except for the values of high-density lipoproteins. The percentage of students with low values of high-density lipoproteins was 8.3%. The content of CCS in the blood plasma was inversely proportional to the caloric content of the diet and the amount of fat consumed. The predisposition to a disorders of lipid metabolism in first-year students living in a university dormitory was due to insufficient replenishment of the body's energy expenditure and an unbalanced diet.
Conclusions. The youth age of first-year students is characterized by the formation of a definitive level, the predominance of assimilation processes, so the issues of healthy nutrition, especially in the conditions of a high rhythm of student’s life, insufficient replenishment of energy consumption and unbalanced consumption of nutrients, are relevant and require attention from the curators of the first courses.
In the pedagogical support of first-year students, it is necessary to develop methodological tools for the implementation of educational tasks in matters of healthy nutrition, training the skills of budgeting expenses, including for full nutrition.

Keywords: 

First-year students; Students adaptation; Actual nutrition; Biochemical parameters of blood plasma; New educational environment

For citation:
Chanchaeva E. A., Kruglikova E. V., Sidorov S. S., Gerasev A. D., Aizman R. I. Diet analysis, blood plasma biochemical indicators and body compositions of first year students in the context of adaptation to the new educational environment. Science for Education Today, 2021, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 174–188. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15293/2658-6762.2101.10
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Date of the publication 28.02.2021