Science for Education Today, 2020, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 161–177

Readiness of Russian botanic gardens potential visitors to participate in educational interaction

Ischenko A. V. 1 (Apatity, Russian Federation), Sovetova M. P. 2 (Kirovsk, Russian Federation), Mitina E. G. 3 (Murmansk, Russian Federation)
1 Kola Science Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences
2 N. A. Avrorin Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden Institute
3 Murmansk Arctic State University, professor of natural sciences department

Introduction. The effectiveness of interaction between education and science is determined not only by quality of educational content, but also by characteristics of its perception by potential participants. This article is devoted to the main component of students' motivation – their learning readiness –within protected natural areas and other natural objects. The goal of the article is to evaluate the readiness of potential visitors of Russian botanic gardens to participate in educational processes arranged within protected areas.
Materials and Methods. The research methods included reviewing and analysis of Russian and international studies on creating learning environments within protected areas, promotion of sustainable development and transmission of natural science knowledge by means of educational and motivational tools of educational tourism. The research data were collected using Google Forms (a survey administration software). In order to process the data, the authors used Fischer criterion and graphical analysis tools of Microsoft Office Excel.
Results. The study evaluated readiness and motivation to participate in a relevant educational interaction among potential visitors of Russian botanic gardens. The article examined factors contributing to the efficiency of this process: participants’ experience of interaction with botanic gardens, needs and interests in interaction with botanic gardens within different age groups.
It was found that high number of respondents pursued educational goals in visiting botanic gardens. Integrative programs which combine educational, creative and entertaining components were chosen by visitors aged up to 55 years. Visitors aged 55 years and over preferred mainly educational programs aimed at obtaining natural science knowledge and mastering relevant skills. At the same time, the absolute majority of respondents believed that they had no experience of participating in educational events in the studied protected areas.
Conclusions. In general, the study found a certain readiness for educational interaction among potential visitors of Russian Botanic gardens. The authors conclude, that it is necessary to pay special attention to arranging this interaction taking into account participants’ age characteristics.


Protected natural areas; Botanic garden; Natural science education; Educational tourism; Sustainable development; Educational environment; Integrative programs; Educational programs.


Prominence Percentile SciVal: 83.985 Botany | Biology Teacher | Temnothorax

Readiness of russian botanic gardens potential visitors to participate in educational interaction

For citation:
Ischenko A. V., Sovetova M. P., Mitina E. G. Readiness of Russian botanic gardens potential visitors to participate in educational interaction. Science for Education Today, 2020, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 161–177. DOI:
  1. Vinogradova E. V. Amendments of the constitution of the Russian Federation in 2020. Issues on the environmental protection, ecological safety and ecological education. Education and Law, 2020, no. 1, pp. 37–39. (In Russian) DOI: URL:
  2. Mukushev B. A., Zheldybayeva B. S., Musataeva I. S., Mukushev S. B., Karieva U. K., Turdina  A.  B. Shaping scientific worldview of schoolchildren by including synergetics into the content of education. Integration of Education, 2018, vol. 22 (4), pp. 632–647. (In Russian) DOI: URL:
  3. Hurly J., Walker G. J. Nature in our lives: Examining the human need for nature relatedness as a basic psychological need. Journal of Leisure Research, 2019, vol. 50 (4), pp. 290–310. DOI:
  4. Sanders D. L., Ryken A. E., Stewart K. Navigating nature, culture and education in contemporary botanic gardens. Environmental Education Research, 2018, vol. 24 (8), pp. 1077–1084. DOI:
  5. Kalugin Yu. G. Second international scientific and practical conference “Botanical gardens in the modern world: Science, education, management”. Hortus Botanicus, 2018, vol. 13, pp. 588–590. (In Russian) URL:
  6. Mitina E. G., Ishchenko A. V. Ecological parks educational environment usage at biology lessons in schools (on the example of N. A. Avrorin Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute). Samara Journal of Science, 2019, vol. 8 (2), pp. 349–355. (In Russian) DOI: URL:
  7. Musinova L. P. Formation of environmental and cultural competences in the specialized program for teenagers "IUCN Red List" In Peter the Great Botanical Garden. Hortus Botanicus, 2018, vol.  13, pp. 704–710. (In Russian) URL:
  8. Gontar O. B., Zotova O. E., Kalashnikova I. V. Implementation of continuous environmental education in the Polar Alpine Botanical Garden and Institute. Hortus botanicus, 2018, vol. 13, pp.  616–619. (In Russian) URL:
  9. Kalashnikova I. V. Educational activity of the Polar-Alpian Botanical Garden-Institute named after N. A. Aurorin as an example of the implementation of continuous ecological education in the Arctic. Pedagogical Review, 2019, no. 2, pp. 168–178. (In Russian) DOI: URL:
  10.  Tavares A. C., Silva S., Santos J., Paiva I., Oliveira J., Bettencourt T.Inquire at Coimbra botanic garden: Products and process of an IBSE educative project. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2014, vol. 116, pp. 4353–4356. DOI:
  11. Repka P., Švecová M.Environmental education in conditions of National Parks of Slovak Republic. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2012, vol. 55, pp. 628–634. DOI:
  12. Dale N. F., Ritchie B. W. Understanding travel behavior: A study of school excursion motivations, constraints and behavior. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 2020, vol. 43, pp. 11–22. DOI:
  13. Amprazis A., Papadopoulou P. Plant blindness: A faddish research interest or a substantive impediment to achieve sustainable development goals? Environmental Education Research, 2020, vol. 26 (8), pp. 1065–1087. DOI:
  14. Tishler Ch., Zvi Assaraf O. B., Fried M. N. How do visitors from different cultural backgrounds perceive the messages conveyed to them by their local zoo? Interdisciplinary Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 2020, vol. 16 (3), pp. e2216. DOI:
  15. Christensen J.H., Wistoft K. Investigating the effectiveness of subject-integrated school garden teaching. Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education, 2019, vol. 22, pp. 237–251. DOI:
  16. Weiler B., Martin V. Y., Canosa A., Cutter-Mackenzie A. Generation Y and protected areas: A scoping study of research, theory, and future directions. Journal of Leisure Research, 2018, vol.  49  (3–5), pp. 277–297. DOI:
  17. Liang Y., Kirilenko A. P., Stepchenkova S. O., Ma Sh. Using social media to discover unwanted behaviours displayed by visitors to nature parks: Comparisons of nationally and privately owned parks in the Greater Kruger National Park, South Africa. Tourism Recreation Research, 2020, vol. 45 (2), pp. 271–276. DOI:
  18. Goh E. Breaking the rules to venture off-trail at national parks: Exploring salient beliefs through a planned behaviour approach. Tourism Recreation Research, 2020, vol. 45 (2), pp. 277–283. DOI:
  19. Canosa A., Graham A., Wilson E. Growing up in a tourist destination: Developing an environmental sensitivity. Environmental Education Research, 2020, vol. 26 (7), pp. 1027–1042. DOI:
  20. Brancalion P., van Melis J. On the need for innovation in ecological restoration. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017, vol. 102 (2), pp. 227–236. DOI:
  21. Croy W. G., Moyle B. D., Moyle Ch. J. Perceived benefits of parks: The roles of information source exposure and park use. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 2020, vol. 28 (11), pp. 1723–1742. DOI:
  22. Seow A. N., Choong Y. O, Lau L. S., Choong Ch. K., Loh Ch. T., Go Y. H., Ching S. L., Jing Y. K. Are environmentally responsible behaviours shaped by environmental facilitating conditions and antecedent of attitudes? The case of Perak in Malaysia. International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, 2020, vol. 19 (3), pp. 269–283. DOI:
  23. Hockings M., Dudley N., Elliott W., Napolitano Ferreira M., MacKinnon K., Pasha M., Phillips  A., Stolton S., Woodley S., Appleton M., Chassot O., Fitzsimons J., Galliers C., Golden Kroner R., Goodrich J., Hopkins J., Jackson W., Jonas H., Long B., Mumba M., Parrish J., Paxton M., Phua  C., Plowright R., Rao M., Redford K., Robinson J., Rodríguez C. M., Sandwith T., Spenceley A., Stevens C., Tabor G., Troëng S., Willmore S., Yang A. Editorial essay: COVID-19 and protected and conserved areas. Parks, 2020, vol. 26 (1), pp. 7–24. DOI:   URL:
Date of the publication 31.10.2020