Science for Education Today, 2020, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 211–225
159.91+ 159.922 +371

Evaluating the impact of stress factors, inadequate nutrition and low physical activity on schoolchildren’s health

Kochetova Y. Y. 1 (Barnaul, Russian Federation), Starchikova M. V. 1 (Barnaul, Russian Federation), Bendrikova A. Y. 1 (Barnaul, Russian Federation), Repkina T. V. 2 (Barnaul, Russian Federation)
1 Altai State Medical University
2 Regional center for medical prevention "Center for public health"

Introduction. Maintaining students’ psychological and physical health requires understanding all the factors affecting children’s development. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of stress factors, inadequate nutrition and low physical activity on schoolchildren’s health.
Materials and Methods. The research uses general theoretical, empirical and statistical methods. The article reviews scholarly literature on the problem of stress in school-aged children, as well as sources containing relevant statistical data.
I order to understand the degree of influence of stress and its accompanying factors on the health of schoolchildren aged 11-12 years, the authors conducted an empirical study at the regional prevention center called "Center for public health". The study was divided into two stages. At the first stage, medical research was carried out in accordance with the guidelines "Providing medical care to the children's population in health centers for children". The main indicators of physical health (blood pressure, cholesterol and glucose levels, electrocardiography) were measured during the medical study. At the second stage, a questionnaire containing questions about habits and living conditions was applied. The methods used for analyzing data obtained during the study include linear distribution analysis, two-dimensional analysis of conjugacy tables, and cluster analysis. The sample consisted of 3241 students of secondary schools (aged 11-12 years) in the Altai region (the Russian Federation).
Results. The participants of the study demonstrated high stress level and signs of depression. The study found accompanying risk factors for illnesses. They include poor nutrition and low physical activity. The relationship between stress and cardiac arrhythmia measured by ECG was established. A correlation was found between leading a healthy lifestyle and a minimum amount of stress in schoolchildren and their learning achievements.
Conclusions. Based on statistical analysis of the research data, the authors conclude that there are significant physiological and psychological deviations in the health indicators of schoolchildren: cholesterol levels, blood pressure, indicators of stress and depression, physical activity, violation of the principles of rational nutrition and obesity. Based on the survey data, the authors conclude that children are aware of the need for a healthy lifestyle, but do not lead it.

For citation:
Kochetova Y. Y., Starchikova M. V., Bendrikova A. Y., Repkina T. V. Evaluating the impact of stress factors, inadequate nutrition and low physical activity on schoolchildren’s health. Science for Education Today, 2020, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 211–225. DOI:
  1. Emelyanova T. P., Drobysheva T. V. Integrated research of collective feelings for social problems: quantitative and qualitative-quantitative methods. Social Psychology and Society, 2018, vol. 9 (3), pp. 166–175. (In Russian) DOI:  URL:
  2. Zhamsaranova S. D., Chukaev S. A., Dymsheeva L. D., Lebedeva S. N. The influence of the nature of nutrition on the antioxidant status of undergraduate students. Science for Education Today, 2019, vol. 9 (1), pp. 226–248. (In Russian) DOI: URL:
  3. Kozlova A. P., Koroshchenko G. A., Lomovskiy I. O., Golovin M. S., Gordeeva E. I., Nedovesova S. A., Aizman R. I. Prevention and correction of carbohydrate metabolism disorders in diabetes mellitus as a medical and social problem of building a healthy lifestyle: An experimental rationale. Science for Education Today, 2019, vol. 9 (1), pp. 208–225. (In Russian) DOI:  URL:
  4. Korolenko A. V. Stress as a risk factor of public health and the spread ofpernicious habits. Health, Physical Culture and Sports, 2019, no. 1, pp. 3–26. (In Russian) URL:
  5. Krivolapchuk I. A. Health improving potential of schoolchildren physical readiness means and effective tensions parametars. Siberian Pedagogical Journal, 2016, no. 5, pp. 12–25. (In Russian) URL:
  6. Pakhomova V. G. Psychological impact of virtual reality gaming on the formation of self-image in early school-age children. Psychological Science and Education, 2017, vol. 22 (5), pp. 48–56. (In Russian) DOI: URL:
  7. Fedorov V. A., Chedov K. V. The actualisation of regional capacity educational space based on cluster interaction: The aspect of formation of training health culture. The Education and Science Journal, 2019, vol. 21 (9), pp. 186–220. (In Russian) DOI: URL: 
  8. Armoon B., Karimy M. Epidemiology of childhood overweight, obesity and their related factors in a sample of preschool children from Central Iran. BMC Pediatrics, 2019, vol. 19. pp. 159. DOI: 
  9. Azizi M. Effects of doing physical exercises on stress-coping strategies and the intensity of the stress experienced by university students in Zabol Southeastern Iran. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences,2011, vol. 30, pp. 372–375. DOI:
  10. Bhargava D., Trivedi H. A Study of causes of stress and stress management among youth. IRA-International Journal of Management & Social Sciences, 2018, vol. 11 (3), pp. 108–117. DOI:
  11. Dogra S., MacIntosh L., O’Neill C., D'Silva C., Shearer H. M., Smith K., Côté P. The association of physical activity with depression and stress among post-secondary school students: A systematic review. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 2018, vol. 14, pp. 146–156. DOI: 
  12. Englert C., Bechler A., Singh S., Bertrams A. Testing the effectiveness of a short-term stress prevention programme in primary school students. Health Psychology Bulletin, 2018, vol. 2 (1), pp. 1. DOI: 
  13. Ichkovics J., Carroll-Scott A., Peters S., Schwartz M., Gilstad-Hayden K., McCaslin C. Health and academic achievement: Cumulative effects of health assets on standardized test scores among urban youth in the United States. Journal of School Health, 2014, vol. 84 (1), pp. 40–48. DOI:
  14. Lebowitz E., Marin C., Martino A., Shimshoni Y., Silverman W. Parent-based treatment as efficacious as cognitive-behavioral therapy for childhood anxiety: A randomized noninferiority study of supportive parenting for anxious childhood emotions. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2020, vol. 59 (3), pp. 362–372. DOI: 
  15. Li C., Yuan Z., Clements-Nolle K., Fu Y., Deadmond M., Yang W. Physical activity and overweight/obesity among academic stressed adolescents. Biostatistics and Epidemiology International Journal (BEIJ), 2018, vol. 1 (2), pp. 40‒46. DOI:   
  16. Mucci N., Giorgi G., Ceratti P., Fiz-Pérez J., Mucci F., Arcangeli G. Anxiety, stress-related factors, and blood pressure in young adults. Frontiers in Psychology, 2016, vol. 7, pp. 1682. DOI:  
  17. Opheim I., Eriksengeir M., Espnes A. Stress and happiness among adolscents with varying frequency of physical activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 2011, vol. 113 (2), pp. 631–646. DOI:  PMID: 22185078
  18. Pascoe M., Hetrick S., Parker A. The impact of stress on students in secondary school and higher education. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 2020, vol. 25 (1), pp. 104–112. DOI: 
  19. Quek Y. H., Tam W. W., Zhang M. W., Ho R. C. Exploring the association between childhood and adolescent obesity and depression: A meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews, 2017, vol. 18 (7), pp. 742–754. DOI:  
  20. Reddy K. J., Menon K. R., Thattil A. Academic stress and its sources among university students. Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal (BPJ), 2018, vol. 11 (1). DOI:  
  21. Shaw S. R., Gomes P., Polotskaia A., Jankowska A. The relationship between student health and academic performance: Implications for school psychologists. School Psychology International, 2015, vol. 36 (2), pp. 115–134. DOI:  
  22. Stavrou S., Nicolaides N. C., Papageorgiou I., Terzioglou E., Chrousos G., Darviri C., Charmandari  E. The effectiveness of a stress-management intervention program in the management of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence. Journal of Molecular Biochemistry, 2016, vol. 5 (2), pp. 63–70. URL: 
  23. Tran B. X., Dang K. A., Le H. T., Ha G. H., Nguyen L. H., Nguyen T. H., Tran T. H., Latkin  C.  A.,·Ho C. S. H., Ho R. C. M. Global evolution of obesity research in children and youths: Setting priorities for interventions and policies. Obesity Facts, 2019, vol. 12, pp. 137–149. DOI: 
  24. Yau Y., Potenza M. Stress and eating behaviors. Minerva Endocrinologica, 2013, vol. 38 (3), pp.  255–267. URL:


Date of the publication 31.10.2020