Science for Education Today, 2019, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 189–199

Memorizing syntactic structures in learning French as a foreign language [In English]

Bajrami B. 1 (Prishtina, Republic of Kosovo), Gashi-Berisha V. 2 (Prishtina, Republic of Kosovo), Birova J. 3 (Trnava, Slovak Republic)
1 University "Hasan Prishtina" of Prishtina, Mère Tereza p. nr. 10 000 Prishtina, Kosovo
2 Corresponding Author, University "Hasan Prishtina" of Prishtina, Mère Tereza, Prishtina, Kosovo
3 University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava, Trnava, Slovakia

Introduction. The principle objective of this study is to indicate the role of constructing a procedural model which would give a specific form to a more complex syntactic structure while facilitating its memorization at an advanced level of language studies, even at a university.
Materials and Methods. The study is based on modeling the educational process at the university level.
Results. The study reveals some difficulties in using certain French syntactic structures for Albanian learners. The authors provide the characteristics of an advanced language learner. Learning is considered as having two stages: the first stage consists of general procedures producing syntactic structures in order to construct a model or strategy of memorization (initial procedural rule); the second stage teaches this model through repetitive exercises. The analysis of such difficulties in grammar and the proposal of a strategy facilitating learning of FLE will allow Albanian learners to express themselves in French and become well-qualified teachers.
Our goal is to offer students some tools they need to find out rules by themselves, acquire the ability to make forms or syntax turns to apply them and put them into practice.
Conclusions. The authors intend to help students understand solid foundations of linguistic analysis, to familiarize them with syntactic structures of the most difficult expressions in the French grammar applying its fundamental rules and translating them in a precise and pleasant way to hear.

For citation:
Bajrami B., Gashi-Berisha V., Birova J. Memorizing syntactic structures in learning French as a foreign language [In English]. Science for Education Today, 2019, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 189–199. DOI:
  1. Aliyeva N. A. Adjectival nodes in structural linguistics. Xlinguae, 2017, vol. 10, issue 3, pp. 357–371.DOI:  
  2. Chancerel J.-L., Richterich R. L’identification des besoins des adultes apprenant une langue étrangère. Strasbourg, Conseil de l'Europe Publ., 1977. ISBN 2-278-05661-1 URL:   
  3. Cuq J.-P., Gruca I. Cours de didactique du français langue étrangère et seconde. Collection FLE, Grenoble, PUG (Presse Universitaires de Grenoble) Publ., 2005, 504 p. ISBN 2706113014, 9782706113017, bibliogr. (Français langue étrangère)
  4. Grevisse M. Le bon usage. Dixième édition, Belgique, Duculot, S.A. Gembloux Publ., 1975. ISBN 2-8011-0042-0
  5. Bartning I. L’apprenant dit avancé et son acquisition d’une langue étrangère. Acquisition et interaction en langue étrangère, 1997, no. 9, pp. 9–50. URL:  
  6. Lah M. Raising awareness in university students of languages. Xlinguae, 2017, vol. 10, issue 4, pp. 320–335. DOI:  
  7. Lojova G. Application of selected principles of the learner-centred approach to English grammar teaching. Xlinguae, 2017, vol. 10, issue 4, pp. 278–286. DOI:  
  8. Semenova N. V., Grigoryeva N. O. The subjective time in a sentence. XLinguae, 2017, vol. 10, issue 2,  pp. 101–111. (In Russian) DOI:  
  9. Tomescu A.-M.Ilinca C.-E. The use of numbers in idiomatic expressions (a contrastive study of French, English and Romanian) [Emploi des nombres dans les expressions idiomatiques (approche contrastive français-anglais-roumain)]. XLinguae, 2018, vol. 11, issue 1XL, pp. 336–346. URL:
  10. Vikulova E. A., Chiglintseva E. S. That multifacet English like: how do you like it? Xlinguae, 2017, vol. 10, issue 3, pp. 348–356. DOI:  
  11. Reboullet A. Guide pédagogique pour le professeur de français langue étrangère. Paris, Hachette Éducation. coll. F. Pratique pédagogique Publ., 1984. URL:
  12. Reboullet A. Teaching guide for the teacher of French as a foreign language. Paris, Hachette Education. al. F. Pedagogical practice Publ., 1984. ISBN 10: 2010004566 ISBN 13: 9782010004568
Date of the publication 30.04.2019