Science for Education Today, 2019, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 238–253
159.91+ 159.922

Peculiarities of correlation between cognitive parameters and anxiety and self-assessment levels in year-1 schoolchildren within the polycultural environment

Chanchaeva E. A. 1 (Gorno-Altaysk, Russian Federation), Sidorov S. S. 1 (Gorno-Altaysk, Russian Federation), Ostapovich O. V. 1 (Gorno-Altaysk, Russian Federation), Aizman R. I. 2 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation)
1 Gorno-Altaisk State University
2 Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University

Introduction. The article investigates the problems of school adaptation, intellectual and socio-cognitive development of schoolchildren. The purpose of the research is to reveal the peculiarities of correlations between anxiety and self-assessment levels and cognitive parameters in Year-1 schoolchildren within the polycultural environment.
Materials and Methods. The research included the assessments of the following indictors: 1) salivary cortisol concentration as an indicator of psycho-emotional stress; 2) anxiety level; 3) self-assessment level; 4) cognitive parameters: procedural, semantic and visual memory span; attention span; visual-motor reaction speed.
Results. It was revealed, that 27 per cent of the first graders had high level of anxiety, 13 per cent of participants demonstrated low self-esteem. The majority of the examined children demonstrated insufficient development of higher mental functions (cognitive functions).
69 per cent of participating schoolchildren lacked the coincidence between the prearranged signal and the response.
Between 50 and 82 per cent of the schoolchildren had short memory span, and 13 per cent demonstrated short attention span.
The children of Altai background having high levels of agitation, emotional tension and anxiety, had lower indicators of memory efficiency. However, increased agitation and emotional tension promoted longer attention and memory span at the children of Russian background. Higher level of anxiety and lower attention span were detected among the boys in both ethnic groups.
Conclusions. The authors conclude that solving the problem of first graders adaptation requires remedial measures aimed at decreasing anxiety and emotional tension, taking into account the ethnic origin.

For citation:
Chanchaeva E. A., Sidorov S. S., Ostapovich O. V., Aizman R. I. Peculiarities of correlation between cognitive parameters and anxiety and self-assessment levels in year-1 schoolchildren within the polycultural environment. Science for Education Today, 2019, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 238–253. DOI:
  1. Baranov A. A., Maslova O. I., Namazova-Baranova L. S. Ontogenesis of neurocognitive development of children and adolescents. Annals of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, 2012, vol. 67, no. 8, pp. 26–33. (In Russian) DOI: URL:
  2. Bartosh T. P., Bartosh O. P. Emotional health profiles observed in Magadan city adolescents of different ethnic origin. Tyumen Medical Journal, 2015, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 7–12. (In Russian) URL:
  3. Berezina N. O., Stepanova M. I., Lashneva I. P. Features of physical development modern preschoolers. School and University Medicine and Health Issues, 2017, no. 4, pp. 34–39. (In Russian) URL:
  4. Vinokurova S. P., Savvina N. V. Quantitative indicators of cognitive performance in primary schoolchildren aged 7-9 years, examined using a test computer system "psihomat". Preventive and Clinical Medicine, 2014, no. 2, pp. 86–92. (In Russian) URL:
  5. Dzhioeva G. H. To The Problem of Forming the Self-Evaluation of the Young Schoolchildren. Azimuth of Scientific Research: Pedagogy and Psychology, 2018, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 89–92. (In Russian) URL:
  6. Zhukova N. V., Rybakova L. A. Contextual approach to the study of the content of cross-cultural context of a student (Based on empirical study of adaptation to school of first grade pupils). Pedagogical Education in Russia, 2017, no. 11, pp. 95–101. (In Russian) URL:
  7. Krivolapchuk I. A., Chernova M. B. Schoolchildren’s functional state under intensive information load at the initial adaptation period to educational environment. Human Ecology, 2018, no. 9, pp. 18–26. (In Russian) URL:
  8. Kuchma V. R., Tkachuk E. A., Efimova N. V. Hygienic assessment of the intensification of educational activity of children in modern conditions. School and University Medicine and Health Issues, 2015, no. 1, pp. 4–11. (In Russian) URL:
  9. Litvinenko N. V., Chernova N. N. Directions of psychological correction of school anxiety of young students. Scientific and Methodical Electronic Journal Concept, 2017, no. T13, pp. 51–55. (In Russian) URL:
  10. Molchanova L. N., Korsunova E. D.         Gender peculiarities of structural organization of attention in children of preschool age. Scientific Bulletin of Belgorod State University. Humanities Sciences, 2018, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 336–347. (In Russian) DOI:  URL:
  11. Naumova M. V., Ajvarova N. G., Mironov A. V. Study of emotional and personal development features of teenagers of indigenous minorities of the north. Educational Psychology in Polycultural Space, 2019, no. 1, pp. 45–53. (In Russian) DOI:  URL:
  12. Pirmagomedova E. A., Nagieva A. T., Kaibova A. A. The study of self-assessment in the aspect of ethnic psychology and ethnopedagogics. The World of Science, Culture and Education, 2016, no. 2, pp. 81–84. (In Russian) URL:
  13. Pronina A. N., Sushkova I. V., Yakovleva I. V. Interdependence between social success and emotional experience of preschool age children. Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2017, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 89–103. (In Russian) DOI:  URL:
  14. Sundeeva L. A., Sheickina E. A. To The issue of child alert and fear. Baltic Humanitarian Journal, 2017, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 410–412. (In Russian) URL:
  15. Sukhareva L. M., Nadezhdin D. S., Kuzenkova L. M., Maslova O. I., Globa O. V., Andreyenko N. V., Goncharova G. A., Sakharov V. G. The specific features of psychic functions with psychoneurological changes in junior schoolchildren. Russian Journal of Pediatrics, 2009, no. 2, pp. 28–33. (In Russian) URL:
  16. Tarasova S. Yu. "Inadequate Tranquility" As a latent form of anxiety in victims of bullying. Mental Health, 2019, no. 1, pp. 29–33. (In Russian) DOI:  URL:
  17. Filippova T. A., Verba A. S. Physical development and health of children at the turn of preschool and younger school age. New Research, 2013, no. 4, pp. 145–158. (In Russian) URL:
  18. Shadrina S. N., Borisova L. P. Traditions in the moral education of younger schoolchildren. European Social Science Journal, 2012, no. 6, pp. 309–314. (In Russian) URL:
  19. Adamovskaya O. N., Ermakova I. V., Selverova N. B. Features of vegetative and hormonal reactivity in mental activity in children and teenagers. Human Physiology, 2018, vol. 44, issue 5, pp. 503–509. DOI:
  20. Benito E., Kerimoglu C., Ramachandran B., Pena-Centeno T., Jain G., Stilling R. M., Islam R., Capece V., Zhou Q., Edbauer D., Dean C., Fischer A. RNA-dependent intergenerational inheritance of enhanced synaptic plasticity after environmental enrichment. Cell Reports, 2018, vol. 23, issue 2, pp. 546–554. DOI:  
  21. Chiappelli F. Translational oral science implications for systemic clinical research. International Journal of Dentistry and Oral Science, 2016, vol. 03 (3), pp. 209–212. DOI:
  22. Dieleman G. C., Huizink A. C., Tulen J. H. M., Utens E. M. W. J., Creemers H. E., der Ende J., Verhulst F. C. Alterations in HPA-axis and autonomic nervous system functioning in childhood anxiety disorders point to a chronic stress hypothesis. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2015, vol. 51, pp. 135–150. DOI:  
  23. Djordjic V., Tubic T., Jaksic D. The relationship between physical, motor, and intellectual development of preschool children. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2016, vol. 233, pp. 3–7. DOI:
  24. Krivolapchuk I. A., Chernova M. B. Factorial structure peculiarities of 9–10 aged children’s functional state. Human Physiology, 2019, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 37–48. (In Russian) DOI: URL:
  25. Llamas-Velasco S., Contador I., Villarejo-Galende A., Lora-Pablos D., Bermejo-Pareja F. Physical activity as protective factor against dementia: A prospective population-based study (NEDICES). Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 2015, vol. 21, special issue 10, pp. 861–867. DOI:
  26. Steinberg E. A., Drabick D. A. G. A developmental psychopathology perspective on ADHD and comorbid conditions: The role of emotion regulation. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2015, vol. 46, issue 6, pp. 951–966. DOI:
  27. Tvardovskaya A. A., Sаvinar E. V. Development of higher mental functions in first-grades during the school year depending on the intensity of educational activities. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 2016, vol. 11, issue 8, pp. 2085–2097. DOI:  URL:
  28. Wijnhoven T. M. A., van Raaij J. M. A., Spinelli A., Starc G., Hassapidou M., Spiroski I., Rutter H., Martos É., Rito A. I., Hovengen R., Pérez-Farinós N., Petrauskiene A., Eldin N., Braeckevelt L., Pudule I., Kunešová M., Breda J. WHO European childhood obesity surveillance initiative: body mass index and level of overweight among 6–9-year-old children from school year 2007/2008 to school year 2009/2010. BMC Public Health, 2014, vol. 14, pp. 806. DOI:


Date of the publication 30.06.2019