Science for Education Today, 2019, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 28–41

Development of adolescents’ positive self-attitude: The influence of parenting style

Shajdurova O. V. 1 (Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation), Goncharevich N. A. 1 (Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation), Rostovtseva M. V. 1 (Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation), Kovalevich I. A. 1 (Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation), Dogadaev O. N. 1 (Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation), Shestakov V. N. 1 (Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)
1 Siberian Federal University

Introduction. The authors explore the problem of developing adolescents’ positive self-attitude. The purpose of the research is to identify the influence of parenting style on the development of adolescents’ positive self-attitude.
Materials and Methods. The research was based on the modern foreign approach to the study of self-esteem, considering this phenomenon as a construct which is an affective component of self-awareness (H.W Marsh, R.J. Shavelson, J.J. Hubner, and G.C. Stanton)
In the course of empirical research, the following psychodiagnostic methods were used: R. Panteleeva’s method of self-attitude research; J. Rotter’s “Locus of Control” technique; D.A. Leontiev’s test of life meaningful orientations; A. Ya. Vargi and V. V. Stolin’s test of parental relations.
The study involved 96 high school students from Emelyanovsk secondary school of Krasnoyarsk Territory. The study consisted of 3 stages: in the first stage, the authors investigated the general level of independence, self-attitude, and self-confidence of adolescents. The second stage revealed the degree of adolescents’ life meaningfulness. The final stage revealed the influence of parental style on self-attitude in adolescence.
Results. It is revealed that a high level of parental control is significantly associated with such factors as “internal conflict” and “autosympathy”; externality; and low meaning of life orientation. The high level of parenting control determines the processes of internal maladjustment, the acute experience of the age crisis, dissatisfaction with oneself, the absence of faith in the possibility of self-change; and low assessment of their own innerworld, etc.
The results of the study showed that authoritarian parenting style limits adolescents’ independence without substantiating demands, involves strict control, severe prohibitions and reprimands, and leads to the external control mechanism based on feelings of guilt or fear of punishment. This model of parenting is considered as negative, as it hinders the processes of separation and emancipation, and leads to difficulties in socialization, adaptation and developing a holistic personality.
Conclusions. The conclusion is made about the need for developing an integrated methodological support to improve parents’ psychological and educational competence in relation to their children’s education and developing their positive self-attitude.

For citation:
Shajdurova O. V., Goncharevich N. A., Rostovtseva M. V., Kovalevich I. A., Dogadaev O. N., Shestakov V. N. Development of adolescents’ positive self-attitude: The influence of parenting style. Science for Education Today, 2019, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 28–41. DOI:
  1. Alonso-Stuyck P., Aliaga F. M. The demand for autonomy in the relationship between adolescents and their parents: Normalization of the conflict. Estudios Sobre Educacion, 2017, vol. 33, pp. 77–101. DOI:
  2. Barreto F. B., Safont L. G., Roncallo C. P., Acha J., de Miguel M. S. Family context assessment and positive parenting policies. Early Child Development and Care, 2018, vol. 188, issue 11, pp. 1606–1619. DOI:
  3. Barth J. M., Dunlap S., Chappetta K. The influence of romantic partners on women in STEM majors. Sex Roles, 2016, vol. 75, issue 3-4, pp. 110–125. DOI:
  4. Cadavid-Ruiz N., Del Río P. An observational analysis of executive performance in school children. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 2018, vol. 11, issue 3, pp. 195–208. DOI:  
  5. Conover K., Daiute C. The process of self-regulation in adolescents: A narrative approach. Journal of Adolescence, 2017, vol. 57, pp. 59–68. DOI:
  6. Davies P. T., Martin M. J., Coe J. L., Cummings E. M. Transactional cascades of destructive interparental conflict, children's emotional insecurity, and psychological problems across childhood and adolescence. Development and Psychopathology, 2016, vol. 28, special Issue 3, pp. 653–671. DOI:
  7. Eccles J. S. Understanding women’s educational and occupational choices: Applying the Eccles et al. model of achievement related choices. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 1994, vol. 18, issue 4, pp. 585–609. DOI:
  8. Gu X., Tse C.-S. Abstractness and desirableness in the human values system: Self-transcendence values are construed more abstractly, but felt more closely than are self-enhance ment values. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 2018, vol. 21, issue 4, pp. 282–294. DOI:
  9. Kerpelman J. L., Pittman J. F. Erikson and the relational context of identity: Strengthening connections with attachment theory. Identity, 2018, vol. 18, issue 4, pp. 306–314. DOI:
  10. .King K. M., McLaughlin K. A., Silk J., Monahan K. C. Peer effects on self-regulation in adolescence depend on the nature and quality of the peer interaction. Development and Psychopathology, 2018, vol. 30, issue 4, pp. 1389–1401. DOI:
  11. Kirby J. N. The role of mindfulness and compassion in enhancing nurturing family environments. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 2016, vol. 23, issue 2, pp. 142–157. DOI:
  12. Kruzhkova O. V., Vorobyeva I. V., Zhdanova N. E., Ljovkina A. O. Adolescent vandalism: The role of the parent-child relationship in the development of destructive behavior. Psychology In Russia: State of the Art, 2018, vol. 11, issue 3, pp. 168–182. DOI:
  13. Moreira H., Fonseca A., Canavarro M. C. Assessing attachment to parents and peers in middle childhood: Psychometric studies of the Portuguese version of the people in my life questionnaire. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2017, vol. 26, issue 5, pp. 1318–1333. DOI:
  14. Ozdemir Y., Vazsonyi A. T., Cok F. Parenting processes, self-esteem, and aggression: A mediation model. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2017, vol. 14, issue 5, pp. 509–532. DOI:
  15. Piko B. F., Varga S., Mellor D. Are adolescents with high self-esteem protected from psychosomatic symptomatology? European Journal of Pediatrics, 2016, vol. 175, issue 6, pp. 785–792. DOI:
  16. Sax L. J. “But I’m not good at math”: The changing salience of mathematical self-concept in shaping women’s and men’s STEM aspirations. Research in Higher Education, 2015, vol. 56, issue 8, pp. 813–842. DOI:
  17. Shavelson R. J., Hubner J. J., Stanton G. C. Self-concept: Validation of construct interpretations. Review of Educational Research, 1976, vol. 46, issue 3, pp. 407–441. DOI:
  18.  Tani F., Pascuzzi D., Raffagnino R. The relationship between perceived parenting style and emotion regulation abilities in adulthood. Journal of Adult Development, 2018, vol. 25, issue 1, pp. 1–12. DOI:
  19. Wang M.-T., Eccles J. S., Kenny S. Not lack of ability but more choice: Individual and gender differences in choice of careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Psychological Science, 2013, vol. 24, issue 5, pp. 770–775. DOI:
  20. Dorontsova O. A. Theoretical model of the formation of autonomy in adolescence. Bryansk State University Herald, 2015, no. 2, pp. 49–53. (In Russian) URL:
  21. Linver M. R., Urban J. B., MacDonnel M., Roberts E. D., Quinn J., Samtani S., Doubledee R., Gama L., Morgan D. Mixed methods in youth purpose: An examination of adolescent self-regulation and purpose. Research in Human Development, 2018, vol. 15, issue 2, pp. 118–138. DOI:
  22. Suzuki A., Poon L., Kumari V., Cleare A. J.  Fear biases in emotional face processing following childhood trauma as a marker of resilience and vulnerability to depression. Child Maltreatment, 2015, vol. 20, issue 4, pp. 240–250. DOI:
  23. Kovalenko S. V. Psychological features of teenagers’ system of basic values and attitude to life. Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University, 2015, no. 2, pp. 89–93. (In Russian) URL:
  24. Nizhegorodtseva N. V., Tarasova S. S. Features of coping behaviour of adolescents with different levels of conscious self-regulation. Yaroslavl Pedagogical Bulletin, 2017, no. 2, pp. 211–215. (In Russian) URL:
  25. Chernetskaya N. I. Axiological sphere peculiarities of personality of teenagers from families with different parenting styles. Bulletin of Irkutsk State University. Series Psychology, 2016, vol. 17, pp. 100–111. (In Russian) URL:


Date of the publication 30.06.2019