Science for Education Today, 2019, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 123–136

Peculiarities of educational and psychological support for victimized adolescents inclined to vagrancy

Andronnikova O. O. 1 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation)
1 Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University"

Introduction. The author investigates the problem of vagrancy and running away from home among minors. The purpose of the research is to reveal the characteristic features of educational and psychological support for victimized adolescents inclined to vagrancy.
Materials and Methods. A review of the scientific literature and analysis of statistics on the problem of vagrancy and home runaways among minors revealed the need to study the current state of this issue. The methodology of the research is based on the scientific conception of activity of the individual as a subject of life. The solution of research problems is implemented through an interdisciplinary approach. The study involved 190 adolescents aged between 14 and 16 years, 93 of whom were inclined to vagrancy. Applied empirical methods allowed to conduct a comprehensive study of adolescents’ psychological characteristics and behavior.
Results. The author studied subjective causes of vagrancy and ways how adolescents dealt with homeless and runaway episodes. The research revealed personality traits of adolescents inclined to vagrancy, characteristics of their motivation, values, self-esteem, self-attitude, and attitudes towards significant individuals, objects and situations, determined by homeless and runaway experience. The author identified unaccompanied homeless youth’s characteristics of social and emotional intelligence, behavioral style, and specific response to stressful situations. The identified set of personal and behavioral characteristics of adolescents inclined to vagrancy was considered as a guideline for planning and implementing psychological preventative and remedial work with them. The author described educational conditions contributing to creating beneficial learning environments for adolescents inclined to vagrancy.
Conclusions. It is shown that psychological remedial work with minors inclined to runaways and vagrancy is effective if it is based on peculiarities of personality structure and deviant behaviours of adolescents.


Vagrancy; Adolescents; Victimization; Deviant behavior; Organization of educational activities; Psychological and pedagogical support


Prominence Percentile SciVal: 93.327 Homeless Youth | Runaway Behavior | Crime Victims


Peculiarities of educational and psychological support for victimized adolescents inclined to vagrancy

For citation:
Andronnikova O. O. Peculiarities of educational and psychological support for victimized adolescents inclined to vagrancy. Science for Education Today, 2019, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 123–136. DOI:
  1. Arpentieva M. Unattended People: The infocommunication culture residents. Scientific Review, 2018, no. 1, pp. 1. (In Russian) URL:
  2. Bogdanov A. V., Khazov E. N. The main reasons and conditions promoting rise in crime among minors in the Russian Federation. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii, 2015, no. 12, pр. 47–51. (In Russian) URL:
  3. Dolya A. A. Personal features of homeless and neglected children and adolescents. Scientific Notes of RSSU, 2009, no. 11, рр. 191–194. (In Russian) URL:
  4. Issakhanova A. A. Moral values and psychological welfare of people leading a wave lifestyle. Russian Journal of Education and Psychology, 2017, vol. 8 (5), pp. 21–35. (In Russian) DOI:  URL:  
  5. Kondratyev G. V. Running away from home and vagrancy adolescents in contemporary socio-cultural conditions. In the World of Scientific Discoveries, 2015, no. 3-1, pp. 612–626. (In Russian) URL:
  6. Kostyunina N. Y. Socio-pedagogic prevention of vagrancy and homelessness. Bulletin of Chelyabinsk State University, 2013, no. 34, pp. 41–44. (In Russian) URL:
  7. Limonchenko R. R. Psychological rationale for the use of the method of formative experiment with the support of adolescents at risk in an educational institution. Periodic Scientific and Methodological Journal Сoncept, 2017, no. T39, рр. 1621–1625. (In Russian) URL:  
  8. Samsonova S. A. To the question of the concept of childish homelessness. Tambov University Review. Series Humanities, 2009, no. 12, pр. 358–363. (In Russian) URL: 
  9. Shlyakov A. V. Vagabondage as social phenomenon. Sociological Research, 2017, no. 8, pр. 124–135. (In Russian) DOI:
  10. Bender K., Begun S., DePrince A., Haffejee B., Kaufmann S. Utilizing technology for longitudinal communication with homeless youth. Social Work in Health Care, 2014, vol. 53, issue 9, pp. 865–882. DOI:
  11. Bender K., Begun S., Durbahn R., Ferguson K., Schau N. My own best friend: Homeless youths’ hesitance to seek help and strategies for coping independently after distressing and traumatic experiences. Social Work in Public Health, 2018, vol. 33, issue 3, pp. 149–162. DOI:
  12. Bender K., Brown S. M., Thompson S. J., Ferguson K. M., Langenderfer L. Multiple victimizations before and after leaving home associated With PTSD, depression, and substance use disorder among homeless youth. Child Maltreatment, 2015, vol. 20 (2), pp. 115–124. DOI: 
  13. Bender K., Ferguson K., Thompson S., Langenderfer L. Mental health correlates of victimization classes among homeless youth. Child Abuse and Neglect, 2014, vol. 38, issue 10, pp. 1628–1635. DOI:
  14. Bender K. A., Thompson S. J., Ferguson K. M., Yoder J. R., Kern L. Trauma Among Street-Involved Youth. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 2014, vol. 22 (1), pp. 53–64. DOI:
  15. Collins P., Barker C. Psychological Help-Seeking in Homeless Adolescents. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 2009, vol. 55 (4), pp. 372–384. DOI:
  16. Di Iorio J., Seidmann S., Gueglio C., Rigueiral G. Psychosocial interventions with homeless people: Care as an analytic category (Review). Psicoperspectivas, 2016, vol. 15, issue 3, pp. 123–134. DOI:
  17. Helgeland I. M. What works? A 15-year follow-up study of 85 young people withserious behavioral problems. Children and Youth Services Review, 2010, vol. 32, issue 3, pp. 423–429. DOI:
  18. Hobden K., Forney C. J., Durham W. K., Toro P. Limiting attrition in longitudinal research on homeless adolescents: What works best?. Journal of Community Psychology, 2011, vol. 39, issue 4, pp. 443–451. DOI:
  19. Kim Y., Bender K., Ferguson K. M., Begun S., DiNitto D. M. Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder among homeless young adults: the importance of victimization experiences in childhood and once homeless. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 2018, vol. 26 (3), pp. 131–142. DOI: 
  20. Nguimfack L., Scelles R. Family therapy and management of family symptoms at school: About running away and wandering. Thérapie Familiale, 2013, vol. 34 (4), pp. 459–472. (In French) DOI: 
  21. Rattelade S., Farrell S., Aubry T., Klodawsky F. The relationship between victimization and mental health functioning in homeless youth and adults. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2014, vol. 29 (9), pp. 1606–1622. DOI: 
  22. Stephenson S. The Kazan Leviathan: Russian Street Gangs as Agents of Social Order. Sociological Review, 2011, vol. 59 (2), pp. 324–347. DOI: 
  23. Stewart A. J., Steiman M., Cauce A. M., Cochran B. N., Whitbeck L. B., Hoyt D. R. Victimization and posttraumatic stress disorder among homeless adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2004, vol. 43, issue 3, pp. 325–331. DOI:
  24. Tyler K. A., Schmitzb R. M. Child abuse, mental health and sleeping arrangements among homeless youth: Links to physical and sexual street victimization. Children and Youth Services Review, 2018, vol. 95, pp. 327–333. DOI:
  25. Tyler K., Beal M. R. The high-risk environment of homeless young adults: Consequences for physical and sexual victimization. Violence and Victims, 2010, vol. 25, issue 1, pp. 101–115. DOI:
  26. Whitbeck L. B., Hoyt D. R., Johnson K. D., Chen X. Victimization and posttraumatic stress disorder among runaway and homeless adolescents. Violence and Victims, 2007, vol. 22, issue 6, pp. 721–734. DOI:
Date of the publication 28.02.2019