Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2013, No.4, pp.151-160
81+ 373.45

Italian borrowing in the Russian language: functional and semantic aspects

Sazhenina Y. H. 1 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation)
1 Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University

This research is devoted to study of lexical borrowing from the Italian language and the development of the system of the Russian language.
The object of research is borrowing from the Italian (without regard to the time of their displacement in the Russian language), and the subject is the penetration of borrowed lexemes, their development and functioning of the Russian language.
The author attempts to select Italianisms in the Russian language and consider in terms of semantic borrowing from the Italian language.
Source of language material are formed the dictionary of foreign words, dictionaries of the Russian language, and Italian dictionaries, and as a source of illustrative material used data from the Russian National Corpus [].
The author used a complex of methods and techniques of linguistic analysis. Basic methods are such methods as contrastive, contextual analysis and definitional. Additional methods and techniques - continuous sampling, component analysis and comparative benchmarking, which is a kind of narrative.
The practical value of research is that conclusions can be useful for the theory and practice of translation. Materials of research can be used to develop theoretical and practical training in the course of lexicology pf modern Russian language, as well as in the field of lexicography (when creating monolingual dictionary borrowing).


lexical borrowing, assimilation, familiarization, scope of use, Italianisms, semantic process, lexical-semantic variant, narrowing of the range denotations, expanding the range of denotations.


1. Bondarec O. E. Borrowing in foreign language speech and language: lingvosotsiologi aspect. Taganrog, 2008. 144 р. In Russian.
2. Valgina N. S. Active processes in the modern Russian language: Textbook for students. Moscow, 2001. 302 р. In Russian.
3. Volodarskaya E. F. The interaction of Russian and English languages at different stages of historical development. History of English loan words in the OC. Questions of Philology, 2001, P. II, no. 3, pp. 40-54. In Russian.
4. Zhukotskaja Z. R., Vasilkova E. V. Word-Logos: culturological potential. Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2012, no. 2 (6), pp. 68–72. In Russian.
5. Zemskaya E. A. Active processes in the modern word derivation. Russian end of the twentieth century (1985-1995). Moscow, 1996. pp. 90–141. In Russian.
6. Karaulov Y. N. Russian language. Encyclopedia. Moscow, 1997. 721 p. In Russian.
7. Krysin L. P. Russian word of his and others'. Moscow, 2004. 888 p. In Russian.
8. Kuznetsova Ya. Yu. The mental structure «success–failure» in Russian and Italian language pictures of the world. Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin. 2013, no. 2 (12), pp. 110–119. In Russian.
9. Rozental D. E. Telenkova M. A. Glossary of linguistic terms. Moscow, 1976. 543 p. In Russian.
10. Romanov A. Y. Anglicizes and Americanisms in the Russian language and attitude towards them. St. Petersburg., 2000. 152 p. In Russian.
11. Russian language of the late twentieth century (1985-1995) (ed.) E. A. Zemskaya. Moscow, 1996. 480 p. In Russian.
12. Sazhenin I. I. Vocabulary corpus as element of optimization of research. Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2013, no. 2 (12), pp. 120–127. In Russian.
13. Sergeeva E. V. Borrowing 80-90-ies in the socio-linguistic aspect. Russian question, 1996, no. 5, pр. 42-48. In Russian.
14. Sklyarevskaya G. N. Dictionary of Russian late twentieth century. Language change. Moscow, 1998. 700 p. In Russian.
15. Cherdantseva T. Z. Essays on lexicology Italian. Moscow, 2007. 192 p. In Russian.
16. Shayhutdinova R. R. English-Russian language contacts the end of XX – beginning of XXI century. Comparative lighting : аuthor. dis. ... сand. рhilology. science. Kazan, 2008. 22 p. In Russian.
17. Shansky N. M. Lexicology of modern Russian language. Moscow, 1972. 253 p. In Russian.
18. Zingarelli Nicola. Vocabolario della lingua italiana di Nicola Zingarelli. Bologna, 2007. 869 p.

Date of the publication 20.08.2013