Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2018, No.6, pp.138-154
UDC: 
372.862

Moodle e-learning platform as a resource for improving the quality of technical education

Erokhin S. V. 1 (Moscow, Russian Federation), Sadikova A. R. 2 (Moscow, Russian Federation), Zhdankina J. S. 3 (Moscow, Russian Federation), Korzhuev A. V. 3 (Moscow, Russian Federation), Semenov S. V. 3 (Moscow, Russian Federation)
1 Moscow State University of Civil Engineering
2 Moscow City Pedagogical University
3 I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation
Abstract: 

Abstract
Problem and purpose. Rapid development of information technologies in the process of training students, including distance learning (DL), has led to the appear-ance on the market of software products of a variety of different platforms and shells, which are trying to automate this process as much as possible. Developers of these electronic resources have made some progress, and now schemes are realized in which the systems DL automatically, or with the participation of the tutor, check the work of students on the implementation of the curriculum (studying the theoretical part, performing control tasks, writing term papers and projects, etc.). However, it should be noted that the teaching materials placed in these shells are mainly related to the humanities disciplines, and the block of natural and technical disciplines is poorly represented. A particular problem when placing in the system of DL engineering disciplines is the presentation and evaluation of laboratory works.
Thus, the problem considered in the article consists in the examination of the possibilities of including engineering disciplines in the information-computer form in the educational process. This will allow students to receive educational material in full, consolidate it, as well as carry out remote monitoring, which is important in the conditions of a limited budget for school hours and teachers' inclination towards traditional forms of education. The purpose of the article is to develop methodological content and scenarios for using the Moodle shell in the process of studying engineering disciplines by engineering university students.
Methodology. At the first stage, a review of the literature and sites was con-ducted, in which software development was proposed to implement the DL system. The findings showed that online learning systems had a positive impact on the thinking and innovative skills of students. Having analyzed foreign and domestic developments in this field, the choice was made in favor of LMS Moodle (LMS - Learning Management System).
The second stage is the process of creating virtual laboratory facilities for natu-ral science disciplines: physics, electrodynamics, mechanics, mathematics, etc. It in-cluded the study of existing real laboratory facilities for some sections of the disci-pline; determination of the essential characteristics of models, the presence of which in a virtual installation must be strictly mandatory; compilation of mathematical models of physical installations, definition of variables responsible for the character-istics of the model; creation of objects of interactive virtual laboratory installations, development of design using computer graphics; the creation of dynamic visualiza-tion of demonstrations, using the results obtained, the program Macromedia Flash and the programming language Action Script 3.0.
The third stage is the integration of virtual laboratory work in LMS Moodle, the set-ting up of an assessment system, a progress report and a system performance check.
Results: this article shows the solution to the above problem by placing physical models created using Flash technologies and integrating them into a normal HTML document in a Moodle environment.
The methodology and algorithms for functioning of the Moodle environment for studying the theoretical part, conducting seminars, performing control and laboratory works built using Flash technologies are also discussed. An algorithm for assessing the quality of knowledge received by a student is proposed. Particular attention is paid to the implementation of virtual laboratory work.
The conclusion. The work shows the implementation of the capabilities of the MOODLE shell for studying the disciplines of the physical and mathematical and technical profiles. The algorithm for evaluating the work of the student is presented and the possibilities of placing models in the distance learning system for performing laboratory work necessary for a qualitative study of the indicated disciplines are shown. The considered system of DL is implemented in the educational process and fully meets all the requirements of the state standard.

Keywords: 

Moodle, distance learning system, E-Learning, information technology, models, Flash technologies, laboratory work, technical disciplines.

References: 
  1. Freeman S., Eddy S. L., McDonough M., Smith M. K., Okoroafor N., Jordt H., Wenderoth M. P. Аctive learning increases student performances in science, engineering, and mathematics. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 2014, vol. 111, no. 23, pp. 8410–8415. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1319030111
  2. Chootongchai S., Songkram N. Design and development of SECI and Moodle online learning systems to enhance thinking and innovation skills for higher education learners. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 2018, vol. 13, no. 03, pp. 154–172. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v13i03.7991
  3. Benta D., Bologa G., Dzitac I. E-learning platforms in higher education. Case Study. Procedia Computer Science, 2014, vol. 31, pp. 1170–1176. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2014.05.373
  4. Songkram N., Puthaseranee B. E-learning system in virtual learning environment to enhance cognitive skills for learners in higher education. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2015, vol. 174, pp. 776–782. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.614
  5. Youssef A. B., Dahmani M., Omrani N. Information technologies, students’ e-skills and diversity of learning process. Education and Information Technologies, 2015, vol. 20, issue 1, pp. 141–159. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-013-9272-x
  6. Costa С., Alvelos H., Teixeira L. The use of Moodle e-learning platform: A study in a portuguese university. Procedia Technology, 2012, vol. 5, pp. 334–343. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.protcy.2012.09.037
  7. Simon N. Iconic representation in virtual physics labs. American Journal of Educational Research, 2015, vol. 3, no. 10A, pp. 1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12691/education-3-10A-1
  8. Pyatt K., Sims R. Virtual and physical experimentation in inquiry-based science labs: Attitudes, performance, and access. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2012, vol. 21, issue 1, pp. 133–147. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10956-011-9291-6
  9. Andreev A. A. Open educational resources. Higher Education in Russia, 2008, no. 9, pp. 114–116. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=11532122
  10. Lopez G. A., Saenz J., Leonardo A., Gurtubay I. G. Use of the "Moodle" platform to promote an ongoing learning when lecturing general physics in the physics, mathematics and electronic engineering programmes at the university of the Basque country UPV/EHU. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2016, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 575–589. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10956-016-9614-8
  11. Caminero A. C., Hernandez R., Ros S., Tobarra L., Robles-Gomez A., Pastor R.Comparison of LMSs: Which is the most suitable LMS for my needs?. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 2013, vol. 8, special issue 2: "EDUCON 2013", pp. 29–36. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v8iS2.2758
  12. Ballarano A., Colace F., De Santo M., Greco L. “The postman always rings twice”: Evaluating E-learning platform a decade later. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 2016, vol. 11, issue 2, pp. 35–42. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v11i02.5030
  13. Shi X. A Comparative study of e-learning platform in reading and translating course for engineering students. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 2016, vol. 11, issue 4, pp.  120–125. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v11i04.5551
  14. Parfyonova A. V. Shell Moodle of the distance learning as a tool of realization of the system-activity approach. RUDN Journal of Informatization in Education, 2013, no. 1, pp. 40–45. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=18780059
  15. Zelenko L., Shumskaya E. Software development for creating content in LMS Moodle. Izvestia of Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2014, vol. 16, no. 4-2, pp. 471–475. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=22545251
  16. Gercek G., Saleem N., Steel D. J. Implementing cloud based virtual computer network labs for online education: Experiences from a phased approach. International Journal of Online Engineering, 2016, vol. 12, issue 3, pp. 70–76. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3991/ijoe.v12i03.5564
  17. Andreev A. The role and problems of the teacher in e-learning environment. Higher Education in Russia, 2010, no. 8–9, pp. 41–45. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=15269390
  18. Hew K. F., Brush T. Integrating technology into K-12 teaching and learning: current knowledge gaps and recommendations for future research. Educational Technology Research and Development, 2007, vol. 55, issue 3, pp. 223–252. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-006-9022-5
  19. Islam N., Beer M., Slack F. E-learning challenges faced by academics in higher education: A literature review. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 2015, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 102–112. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11114/jets.v3i5.947
  20. Wuttke H.-D., Hamann M., Henke K. Integration of remote and virtual laboratories in the educational process. International Journal of Online Engineering, 2015, vol. 11, issue 3, pp. 62–67. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3991/ijoe.v11i3.4558
  21. Lowe D. B., Murray S., Lindsay E., and Liu D. Evolving remote laboratory architectures to leverage emerging internet technologies. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 2009, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 289–294. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TLT.2009.33
  22. Oproiu G. С. A Study about using e-learning platform (Moodle) in university teaching process. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2015, vol. 180, pp. 426–432. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.02.140
  23. Tobarra L., Ros S., Pastor R., Hernández R., Castro M., Al-Zoubi A., Dmour M., Robles-Gómez A., Caminero A., Cano J. An integrated example of laboratories as a service into learning management systems. International Journal of Online Engineering, 2016, vol. 12, issue 9, pp. 32–39. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3991/ijoe.v12i09.6149

 

Date of the publication 31.12.2018