Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2018, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 23–44

Role structure of adolescents in interaction

Perevozkin S. B. 1 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation), Andronnikova O. O. 2 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation), Perevozkina Y. M. 2 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation)
1 State University of Economics and Management
2 Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University"

Introduction. The article investigates the problem of interpersonal interaction among adolescents - a generation growing in a rapidly changing world. The purpose of the article is to identify the role structure of adolescents in the context of interpersonal interaction.
Materials and Methods. The study was conducted using a sample of 139 adolescents (62 boys and 77 girls) aged between 13 and 15 years in grades 7–9 of comprehensive schools in Novosibirsk. The study uses a projective method and questionnaires in order to gain insights into manifestation of roles within interpersonal interaction among adolescents, role conflict and characteristics of interactions and relationships of adolescents in the group.
Results. The authors report data on statistically significant differences in the manifestation of role-playing positions and role conflict depending on sex, friends and orientation of adolescents p < 0.05 (t-Student's test), as well as the significant positive and negative correlations between role images and the evaluation of interpersonal interactions in the group p < 0.05 test (r-S pearman test). It is argued that adolescents who have an unstable worldview are prone to negative influences, especially those who experience interpersonal difficulties. It is proposed to consider interpersonal interaction within the framework of symbolic interactionism, which suggests that the basis of interpersonal interaction is the role behavior of the subject. The thesis about cultural fixation of basic roles participating in interpersonal interaction is covered. It is substantiated that the study of adolescence in the context of the role-based approach makes it possible to bring the understanding of the problem of interpersonal interaction to a new level.
Conclusions. Based on the results obtained, a conclusion is drawn about the peculiarities of the role structure of adolescents in interpersonal interaction.

For citation:
Perevozkin S. B., Andronnikova O. O., Perevozkina Y. M. Role structure of adolescents in interaction. Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2018, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 23–44. DOI:
  1. Andronnikova O. O. The Transformation Possibilities for the Non-Adaptive Forms of Adolescents' Victim Behavior in the Educational Space. Philosophy of Education, 2014, no. 1, pp. 178–184. (In Russian) URL:
  2. Gornostay P. P. Personality and role: role-based approach in the social psychology of the individual. Monograph. Kiev, Interpress Publ., 2007, 311 p. (In Russian) URL:
  3. Pantsyr S. N., Novgorodtseva A. P.  Personality Features in Adolescents with Deviant Behavior. Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2013, no. 2, pp. 64–72. (In Russian) URL:
  4. Perevozkina J. M. Impasa-Role Model forDiagnostics of the Person Socialization. Siberian Pedagogical Journal, 2016, no. 5, pp. 126–133. (In Russian) URL:
  5. Rubtsova O. V. Role identity as an integral characteristic of the social situation of adolescent development. Psychological Science and Education, 2011, no. 5, pp. 5–13. (In Russian) URL:
  6. Khalifayeva O. A. Features of Display of Creativity in Role Conflict Situation in Early Adulthood. Psychological Science and Education, 2017, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 54–64. (In Russian) URL: doi:10.17759/pse.2017220205
  7. Anthrop J., Allison M. T. Role Conflict and the High School Female Athlete. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 1983, vol. 54, issue 2, pp. 104–111. DOI:
  8. Burdess N. Role Theory and the Local Planner. Urban Policy and Research, 1987, vol. 5, issue 3, pp. 126–131. DOI:
  9. Allen D. “Just a Typical Teenager”: The Social Ecology of “Normal Adolescence” - Insights from Diabetes Care. Symbolic Interaction, 2013, vol. 36,  issue 1, pp. 40–59 DOI:
  10. Inderbitzen H. M., Walters K. S., Bukowski A. L. The role of social anxiety in adolescent peer relations: Differences among sociometric status groups and rejected subgroups. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 1997, vol. 26, issue 4, pp. 338–348. DOI:
  11. Gerardy H., Mounts N. S., Luckner A. E., Valentiner D. P. Mothers’ Management of Adolescent Peer Relationships: Associations With Aggressive, Prosocial, and Playful Behavior. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 2015, vol. 176, issue 5, pp. 299–314. DOI:
  12. Goffman E. On Face-Work. An Analysis of Ritual Elements in Social Interaction. Psychiatry. Interpersonal and Biological Processes, 1955, vol. 18, issue 3, pp. 213–231. DOI:
  13. Jackson J. Contemporary criticisms of role theory. Journal of Occupational Science, 1998, vol. 5, issue 2, pp. 49–55. DOI:
  14. Jaskyte K. The Impact of Organizational Socialization Tactics on Role Ambiguity and Role Conflict of Newly Hired Social Workers. Administration in Social Work, 2005, vol. 29, issue 4, pp. 69–87. DOI:
  15. Kulis S., Marsiglia F. F., Nagoshi J. L. Gender Roles, Externalizing Behaviors, and Substance Use Among Mexican-American Adolescents. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, 2010, vol. 10, issue 3, pp. 283–307. DOI:
  16. La Greca A. M., Harrison H. M. Adolescent Peer Relations, Friendships, and Romantic Relationships: Do They Predict Social Anxiety and Depression?. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 2005, vol. 34, issue 1, pp. 49–61. DOI:
  17. Lennings H. I. B., Bussey K. The mediating role of coping self-efficacy beliefs on the relationship between parental conflict and child psychological adjustment. Social Development, 2017, vol. 26, issue 4, pp. 753–766. DOI:
  18. Ma H. K. The Relation of Gender-Role Classifications to the Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior of Chinese Adolescents. Journal of Genetic Psychology. Research and Theory on Human Development, 2005, vol. 166, issue 2, pp. 189–202. DOI:
  19. Mead G. H. The Social Self. Psychiatry. Interpersonal and Biological Processes, 1978, vol. 41, issue 2, pp. 178–182.
  20. Newcomb Т. М. An Approach to the Study of Communicative Acts. Psychological Review, 1953, vol. 60, issue 6, pp. 393–404. PMID: 13112341 URL:Т.+М.+An+Approach+to+the+Study+of+Communicative
  21. Neale M., Griffin M. A. A Model of Self-Held Work Roles and Role Transitions. Human Performance, 2006, vol. 19, issue 1, pp. 23–41. DOI:
  22. Bai S., Reynolds B. M., Robles T. F., Rena R. L. Daily links between school problems and youth perceptions of interactions with parents: A diary study of school-to-home spillover. Social Development, 2017, vol. 26, issue 4, pp. 813–830. DOI:
  23. Elliott S. Parents Constructions of Teen Sexuality: Sex Panics, Contradictory Discourses, and Social Inequality. Symbolic Interaction, 2010, vol. 33, issue 2, pp.  191–212. DOI:  10.1525/si.2010.33.2.191
  24. Spurlock J. Multiple roles of women and role strains.Health Care for Women International, 1995, vol. 16, issue 6, pp. 501–508. DOI:
  25. Tatar M., Amram S., Kelman T. Help-seeking behaviours of adolescents in relation to terrorist attacks: the perceptions of Israeli parents. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 2011, vol. 39, issue 2, pp. 131–147. DOI:
  26. Terrion J. L., Rocchi M., O'Rielly S. The Relationship Between Friendship Quality and Antisocial Behavior of Adolescents in Residential Substance Abuse Treatment. Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery, 2015, vol. 10, issue 2, pp. 141–162. DOI:
  27. Vlahovic T. A., Roberts S., Dunbar R. Effects of Duration and Laughter on Subjective Happiness Within Different Modes of Communication. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 2012, vol. 17, issue 4, pp. 436–450. DOI:
  28. Wang D., Fletcher A. C. The role of interactions with teachers and conflict with friends in shaping school adjustment. Social Development, 2017, vol. 26, issue 3, pp. 545–559. DOI:
  29. Weninger C., Williams J. P. The Interactional Construction of Social Authenticity: “Real” Identities and Intergroup Relations in a Transylvania Internet Forum. Symbolic Interaction, 2017, vol. 40, issue 2, pp. 169–189. DOI:
  30. Yang X., Wang X., Zhang L., Weidman J. C. Gender role conflict, professional role confidence, and intentional persistence in engineering students in China. Studies in Higher Education, 2017, vol. 42, issue 2, pp. 248–263. DOI:
Date of the publication 28.02.2018