Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2016, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 70–85

A database of pragmatically marked lexical items of the Russian language: the content, principles of description, and possibility of using

Bulygina E. Y. 1 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation), Tripolskaya T. A. 1 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation)
1 Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

Among the most significant current issues in the field of structural, systematic and communicative description of lexical meanings are identifying pragmatically marked lexical items, classification of various micro-components comprising the larger structure of the pragmatic macro-component within the lexical meaning, and examining their communicative potential. The solution of these theoretical problems is considered as a necessary condition of creating appropriate models for lexicographic description and typology of Pragmatically Marked Lexicon within active type dictionaries or/ and in special computer databases.
In the present project the attention is drawn to such essential problems of Pragmatic Semantics as the “speaker – language sign” interrelations. The problem that demands a combined systematic, structural and communicative approach is description of lexical meanings. There are certain pragmatically marked elements of human lexicon that should be revealed and described systematically. The project explores the integral model of lexical meaning, including pragmatic macro components; describes the structure, content, variable potential and implementation of pragmatic semantics in different types of discourse; analyzes the ways how pragmatic semantics can be lexicographically presented in dictionaries of different types; develops the concept of lexicographical interpretation of pragmatically labeled items within the Russian lexical system.
The applied component of the project is creating a computer database of pragmatically marked vocabulary, available for a wide range of users: researchers, linguistic experts, interpreters and teachers of the Russian language. The described computer database of pragmatically marked vocabulary is based on the Russian and international experience in corpus and computational linguistics.


pragmatic macrocomponent, dynamic processes, Russian pragmatically marked lexicon database

For citation:
Bulygina E. Y., Tripolskaya T. A. A database of pragmatically marked lexical items of the Russian language: the content, principles of description, and possibility of using. Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2016, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 70–85. DOI:

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Date of the publication 26.12.2016