Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2016, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 49–63
612.6; 612.825.8-81

Success of training of students of 1-11 classes depending on weight of the body at the birth and the gender

Trukhina S. I. 1 (Kirov, Russian Federation), Trukhin A. N. 1 (Kirov, Russian Federation), Shushkanova E. G. 1 (Kirov, Russian Federation), Tsirkin V. I. 1 (Kazan and Kirov, Russian Federation)
1 Vyatka State University, Kirov, Russian Federation

In the modern literature strongly represented results of research of survival rate and health of children born with weight of a body less 1000 г, as well as physical and mental progress of such children till 3-4 years. The question on the remote consequences for the person born with low weight of a body, remains opened though a number of authors notes lower level of development of intelligence at first-graders and 14-years teenagers born with extremely low and low weight of a body. The objective of our research consisted in the retrospective analysis of success of training (with 1 on 11 classes) of graduates of comprehensive schools of Kirov depending on their weight of a body at a birth and a gender. Success of training estimated on the basis of annual marks on separate disciplines in each class and on a mean score reflecting totally progress on the basic disciplines of each class. All subjects (n = 251) have been divided into groups: group M – born with a weight less 2500 g (9 girls and 5 boys), group N – the bodies which have born with normal weight (110 girls and 95 boys) and group В– the bodies which have born with the big weight, hose more than 3900 g (13 girls and 19 boys). It was found that the success of training of schoolboys of 1-11 classes who had birth weight of 1.6 kg to 3.5 kg inclusive, the higher, the higher the birth weight, which is especially true for boys. Thus, the rate of postnatal brain maturation in children depends on the body weight at birth. This points to the need to develop special methods of teaching children born with low birth weight. From a physiological point of view, the results of the study point to the prospect of studying the effect of birth weight and sex of the child in the on mechanisms of maturing of neocortex at postnatal stages of human development.

For citation:
Trukhina S. I., Trukhin A. N., Shushkanova E. G., Tsirkin V. I. Success of training of students of 1-11 classes depending on weight of the body at the birth and the gender . Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2016, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 49–63. DOI:
  1. Litt J., Gerry Taylor H., Margevicius S., Schluchter M., Andreias L., Hack M.Academic achievement of adolescents born with extremely low birth weight. Acta Paediatr. 2012, vol. 101 (12), pp. 1240–1245. DOI:
  2. Agejkin V. A. Premature babies. Medical scientific and educational journal. 2003, no 16, рр. 3–15 (In Russian).
  3. Roberts G., Anderson P., Davis N., De Luca C., Cheong J., Doyle L. Developmental coordination disorder in geographic cohorts of 8-year-old children born extremely preterm or extremely low birth weight in the 1990s. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2011, vol. 53 (1), pp. 55–60. DOI:
  4. Ryzhavskij B. Ya. The development of the brain: the impact of long-term consequences uncomfortable conditions. 3rd ed. Habarovsk, Far-Eastern State Medical University Publ., 2009, 278 р. (In Russian).
  5. Saigal S., Stoskopf B., Streiner D., Paneth N., Pinelli J., Boyle M. Growth trajectories of extremely low birth weight infants from birth to young adulthood: a longitudinal, population – based study. Pediatr Res. 2006, vol. 60 (6), pp. 751–758. DOI: 0000246201.93662.8e
  6. Saigal S., Stoskopf B., Boyle M., Paneth N., Pinelli J., Streiner D., Goddeeris J. Comparison of current health, functional limitations, and health care use of young adults who were born with extremele low birth weight and normal birth weight. Pediatrics. 2007, vol. 119 (3), pp. 562–573. DOI:
  7. Trukhina S. I., Tsirkin V. I., Trukhin A. N., Chetverikova E. V. Success of educational activity of children and the teenagers born with the big or low weight of a body. Bulletin of Vyatka state Humanities University. 2013, no. 2 (3), pp. 33–41.
  8. Haram K., Pirhonen J., Bergsjø P. Suspected big baby: a difficult clinical problem in obstetrics. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2002, vol. 81 (3), pp.185–194.
  9. Baird J., Fisher D., Lucas P., Kleijnen J., Roberts H., Law C. Being big or growing fast: systematic review of size and growth in infancy and later obesity. BMJ. 2005, vol. 331 (7522), art. 929. DOI:
  10. Yasyukova L. A. Gender features of intellectual development of pupils of initial classes. Scientific notes of Saint-Petersburg state Institute of psychology and social work. 2011, no. 16 (2), рр. 53–58 (In Russian).
  11. Wei W., Lu H., Zhao H., Chen C., Dong Q., Zhou X. Gender differences in children's arithmetic performance are accounted for by gender differences in language abilities. Psychol Sci. 2012, vol. 23 (3), pp. 320–330. DOI:
  12. Trukhina S. I., Tsirkin V. I. A comprehensive portrait of first-grader as one of the approaches to the study of the physiology of educational activities. Kirov, Vyatka State Pedagogical University Publ., 2001, 308 р. (In Russian).
  13. Shabalov N. P. Neonatology. Vol. 1. Moscow, MEDpress-inform Publ., 2004, 608 p. (In Russian).
  14. Glanc S. Biomedical Statistics. Moscow, Praktika Publ., 1999, 459 p. (In Russian).
  15. Trukhina S. I., Tsirkin V. I., Trukhin A. N., Khlybova S. V., Shushkanova E. G. Influence of placentary insufficiency of mother on progress of children. Medical almanac. 2014, no. 5, pp. 59–63. (In Russian).
  16. Trukhina S. I., Tsirkin V. I., Trukhin A. N., Khlybova S. V. Influence of an arterial hypertensia of mother on progress of children. Bulletin of Northern (Arctic) Federal University. 2013, no 1, pp. 64–76. (In Russian).
Date of the publication 31.10.2016