Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2016, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 30–39

Resocialization of juvenile offenders in Germany: morality of justice and education

Walkenhorst P. 1 (Cologne, Federal Republic of Germany), Grebenkina A. A. 2 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation), Grebenkin E. V. 2 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation)
1 University of Cologne
2 Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University

The article analyzes the peculiarities and conditions of re-socialization of juvenile offenders in Germany. On the basis of the synthesis of the key components of the justice system the authors consider its basic framework, as well as moral ethical foundations. The authors compare custodial and non-custodial measures of punishment, arguing the idea that correction of juvenile offenders using non-custodial measures is more effective than imprisonment. Particular attention is paid to describing the activities of socio-pedagogical institutions within the Ministry of Justice of Germany jurisdiction. The nature of interaction between judges, educators and juvenile delinquents are identified. The authors outline the following stages of non-custodial correction of juvenile offenders: adaptation – therapy – resocialization. The confrontation method called "hot seat" is described, which is considered to be one of the mechanisms for regulating emotions and overcoming the affective-behavioral systems in juvenile offenders. It is proposed that the prison isolation of juveniles from society on the one hand, shows the inevitability of retribution and justice, on the other hand, does not fully guarantee the reduction of recidivism. The educational paradigm and such principles, determining the justice system, as the principle of subsidiarity, the principle of proportionality, the principle of a sanction and the principle of substitution, are considered to be indicators of social progress and civic consciousness.


resocialization, juvenile offender adaptation, scripts, group therapy, probation, prosocial behavior, outpatient punishment, elimination of harmful consequences, juvenile court

Resocialization of juvenile offenders in Germany: The paradigm of justice & education

For citation:
Walkenhorst P., Grebenkina A. A., Grebenkin E. V. Resocialization of juvenile offenders in Germany: morality of justice and education . Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2016, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 30–39. DOI:
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Date of the publication 29.06.2016